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    • #6866

      Dear visitor,

      Welcome to the Q&A block for the Session 5 of the The Fifth Science-Policy Forum for Biodiversity and The Eighth International Conference on Sustainability Science, scheduled on 23 April 2021.

      Please note that, since all the questions cannot be handled in the time provided, this section is made for all the presenters, panelists and attendees to continue the exchange through the forum which will remain open for three days after the end of this session, i.e; till 26 April 2021, to give an opportunity for the online discussions to continue.

      As a starting point, the questions, responses and comments have been documented under the Science4biodiversity account. You may continue discussions with the account provided to you.

      Thank you for your patience.

    • #7420

      James Kashoborozi questioned
      Thanks for organizing the discussion.


    • #7421

      Sander Bauer questioned
      To Catarina Jakovac
      The program seems to rely strongly on biological and technological\environmental aspects. I fear that social tensions are becoming an increasingly sharp risk in ecological restoration. Agriculture is noticeably pitted against conservation (e.g. January 2021 assassination on Gonzalo Cardona (ProAves))
      What indicators are currently used in identifying potentially relevant land-resource conflicts in the early phases? These may assist in programmes such as project ACORN (Rabobank).

      • #7426

        Catarina Jakovac – IIS/WUR responded
        Thanks for your very relevant question. Land conflicts are indeed a crucial aspect to be considered when planning restoration. Restoration governance is therefore crucial in both the planning and implementation stages. I am not aware of indicators available for such conflicts, but the complexity of social aspects and coflicts are more acurately accessed at local scales. This is a great challenge we have ahead!

    • #7422

      Kamal Kumar Rai questioned
      How and mechanism for possible to colaborate with tradational or indigenous and local knowledge, social science of indigenous peoples and local communities and science and technologies for restoration? IPLC representative Kamal from Nepal

    • #7423

      Asghar Khan questioned
      Is there any universal model for ecosystem restoration Which could be followed in all countries of the globe?as we need more food to grow, we need shelter, we need play grounds. how can it be possible to restore ecosystems.

      • #7427

        Catarina Jakovac – IIS/WUR responded
        Restoration involves several social and biophisical complexities that wouldn’t allow for a universal model to fit all situations. On your question on how to restore if we need to produce food, there are studies showing that agricultural productivity can be improved, food waste can be reduced and meat consumption (which requires a lot of land) can also be reduced. These changes could spare land for restoration, for example.

    • #7424

      Ahmed Tiamiyu questioned
      How can we help youths in local communities play a role?

    • #7425

      Dennis W Liu questioned
      Is there general global awareness of the target of Half-Earth for biodiversity?

    • #7428

      Josue ARUNA questioned
      Dear speakers happy for the discussion about restoration. how do you engage more civil society network as to Access to funding is not easy to help us to for advocacy on biodiversity conservation , restoration when are facing mining company causing threat and when we acting for nature based solution to respected the mining company cause threat nature Defenders.

    • #7429

      Sander Bauer questioned
      Lily Zeng this ties closely to how power dynamics are continuously challenged, not only through civic society but also by grassroots participants. But don’t policymakers consider themselves untouchable due to their formal position? ; )

      • #7432

        Jessica Kavonics responded
        No they dont see themselves as untouchable but rather see themselves as having to working with mandates, by-laws, policies that they have to work within. So its about providing spaces for policymakers to share their confinments they work in with others and then civic society to understand and then policy makers to better integrate the locla knowledge….and then policy makers to recognise they are there to service the communities and must listen

    • #7430

      Asghar Khan questioned
      Does war effects ecosystem through throwing bombs, heavy artillery, gun powders.if so then what will be our stance worldwide

    • #7431

      Anonymous Attendee questioned
      How can I involve the policies in my research? I really want to involve them in the work because the soil and land restoration are too benefits for us as an agricultural country.

    • #7433

      Alois Ngonyani questioned
      I would like to ask Dr. Jintana Kawasaki, there are some restoration activities going in the northern Thailand with FORRU using framework species method and have proved to successfully in restoration of forests as wells in inceasing biodiversity, dont you think it could have been useful integrating that system as the part of promoting sustainable agroforestry in Phu Kao?

      • #7439

        Jintana Kawasaki responded
        Thanks for your question and raise good point of FORRU using framework species in the northern Thailand. In the northeast of Thailand, the weather condition is more drougth than the north with poor soil fertile. It is important to select the native tree species which tolerant to drought as Pak Wan (Melientha suavis), Pek (Vietnamosasa pusilla. These plants have underground rhizomes so preventing them from being burned by wildfires that occure almost every year.

        • #7440

          Alois Ngonyani responded
          Thank you Dr. Jintana Kawasaki, thank you so very much for your good response.I participated in some of restoration activities in nothern Thailand and we used that method to restore limestone mining in Lampang and the same method in Thailand. I suggest may be you can consult FORRU of Chiang Mai university and see what you can do together!Thank you

    • #7434

      Alois Ngonyani questioned
      For Jason Lee, How did you measure that the biodiversity in the tea were enhanced?

    • #7435

      Alois Ngonyani questioned
      I have little question on which method the use to study composition of coastal forest”

      • #7436

        Bixia Chen responded
        We have measured every tree, tree height, diameter, and location in the villages. We have finished data collection of more than 20 villages. Tree species in the windbreak have been identified by a specialist and tallied.

      • #7438

        Jason Lee responded
        in general,in every tea garden,we chose 4 plots to make comparison, since the 3 sites are artificial tea garden, so the 4 kinds are only tea living plot, tea mixplanting with trees with human interfering and without interfering, virgin forest,and then we studied its abundant rate and coverage rate.

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